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BMC Anesthesiol. 2018 Jan 11;18(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12871-018-0471-2.

Influence of isoflurane exposure in pregnant rats on the learning and memory of offsprings.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 SanHao Street, HePing District, ShenYang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 SanHao Street, HePing District, ShenYang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China. mzekcd@sj-hospital.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

About 2% of pregnant women receive non-obstetric surgery under general anesthesia each year. During pregnancy, general anesthetics may affect brain development of the fetus. This study aimed to investigate safe dosage range of isoflurane.

METHODS:

Forty-eight SpragueDawley (SD) pregnant rats were randomly divided into 3 groups and inhaled 1.3% isoflurane (the Iso1 group), 2.0% isoflurane (the Iso2 group) and 50% O2 alone (the control group) for 3 h, respectively. Their offsprings were subjected to Morris water maze at day 28 and day 90 after birth to evaluate learning and memory. The expression of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) and phosphorylated cAMP-response element binding protein (p-CREB) was detected in the hippocampus dentate gyrus.

RESULTS:

Less offsprings of Iso2 group were able to cross the platform than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Accordingly, the Iso2 offsprings expressed p-CREB mainly in the subgranular zone in contrast to the whole granular cell layer of hippocampus dentate gyrus as detected in the Iso1 and control offsprings; the expression level of pCREB was also lower in the Iso2 than Iso1 or control offsprings (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Inhalation of isoflurane at 1.3% during pregnancy has no significant influence on learning and memory of the offspring; exposure to isoflurane at 2.0% causes damage to spatial memory associated with inhibition of CREB phosphorylation in the granular cell layer of hippocampus dentate gyrus.

KEYWORDS:

CREB; Isoflurane; Memory; Offsprings; Pregnancy

PMID:
29325538
PMCID:
PMC5765622
DOI:
10.1186/s12871-018-0471-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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