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Acta Radiol. 2018 Oct;59(10):1184-1193. doi: 10.1177/0284185117752553. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Diagnostic performance of static single-scan stress perfusion cardiac computed tomography in detecting hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis: a comparison with combined invasive coronary angiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance-myocardial perfusion imaging.

Author information

1
1 Departments of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Background Non-invasive anatomical and physiological evaluations of coronary artery disease (CAD) may be obtained with static single-scan stress perfusion cardiac computed tomography (SSPCT). Purpose To determine the diagnostic performance of static SSPCT for identifying hemodynamically significant CAD. Material and Methods This prospective study included 29 patients with suspected or known CAD who underwent static SSPCT, cardiovascular magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging (CMR-MPI), and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). CT was performed as follows: (i) coronary calcium scan; (ii) static SSPCT for both coronary artery (coronary CT angiography [CCTA]) and myocardial perfusion (perfusion CT [PCT]) during adenosine infusion; (iii) late-phase scan. The diagnostic performance of CCTA alone, PCT alone, and SSPCT for the detection of a hemodynamically significant CAD (a perfusion defect in a vascular territory subtended by a coronary vessel with ≥ 50% stenosis) was compared with that of combined ICA/CMR-MPI representing the standard of reference. Results Twenty-three (79%) patients and 47 (54%) vascular territories manifested ischemia-causing coronary stenoses by combined ICA/CMR-MPI. The per-vessel sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the SSPCT were 92%, 88%, 90%, 90%, and 0.90, respectively, compared to those of the combined ICA/CMR-MPI. These values for the CCTA alone were 96%, 63%, 75%, 93%, and 0.79, respectively; and the values for the PCT alone were 94%, 83%, 86%, 92%, and 0.88, respectively. The AUC of SSPCT was significantly ( P = 0.013) higher than that of the CCTA alone. Conclusion Static SSPCT may facilitate detection of hemodynamically significant CAD.

KEYWORDS:

Multidetector computed tomography; coronary angiography; coronary artery disease; magnetic resonance imaging; myocardial perfusion imaging

PMID:
29320864
DOI:
10.1177/0284185117752553
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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