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Nanoscale Res Lett. 2018 Jan 9;13(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s11671-017-2426-9.

Studying the Adhesion Force and Glass Transition of Thin Polystyrene Films by Atomic Force Microscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Chemistry, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872, People's Republic of China. guanl@ruc.edu.cn.
3
Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, Dk-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. guanl@ruc.edu.cn.
4
Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, Dk-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. qiang@inano.au.dk.
5
Jiangsu CASRS Pollution Control Engineering Co., Ltd., Yancheng, People's Republic of China.
6
Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, Dk-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. dong@inano.au.dk.

Abstract

The relaxation behaviors of thin polymer films show a strong dependence on temperature and film thickness. Direct quantitative detection of the relaxation behaviors of thin polymer films at nanometer scale by traditional instruments is however challenging. In this study, we employed atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based force-distance curve to study the relaxation dynamics and the film thickness dependence of glass transition temperature (T g ) for normal thin polystyrene (PS) films supported on silicon substrate. The adhesion force (Fad) between AFM tip and normal thin PS film surfaces was quantitatively detected in situ under the variation of temperature and film thickness. The T g of normal thin PS film was successfully obtained by the abrupt variation of Fad under temperature stimulation. Our result showed that the T g of normal thin PS films decreased with the decreasing film thickness. The study here could be beneficial for understanding the relaxation dynamics of normal thin polymer films.

KEYWORDS:

Adhesion Force; Atomic Force Microscope (AFM); Force Distance Curves; Glass Transition Temperature; Polystyrene

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