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Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr. 2018 May;1860(5):1015-1021. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2018.01.012. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Mutation-induced changes of transmembrane pore size revealed by combined ion-channel conductance and single vesicle permeabilization analyses.

Author information

1
Biofisika Institute (CSIC, UPV/EHU), Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.
2
Plum Island Animal Disease Center, ARS, USDA, Greenport, NY 11944, USA.
3
Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Department of Physics, University Jaume I, 12071 Castellón, Spain.
4
Biofisika Institute (CSIC, UPV/EHU), Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain. Electronic address: joseluis.nieva@ehu.es.

Abstract

Permeabilization of the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is instrumental in the progression of host-cell infection by many viral pathogens. We have described that permeabilization of ER model membranes by the pore-forming domain of the Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) p7 protein depends on two sequence determinants: the C-terminal transmembrane helix, and the preceding polar loop that regulates its activity. Here, by combining ion-channel activity measurements in planar lipid bilayers with imaging of single Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs), we demonstrate that point substitutions directed to conserved residues within these regions affect ER-like membrane permeabilization following distinct mechanisms. Whereas the polar loop appeared to be involved in protein insertion and oligomerization, substitution of residues predicted to face the lumen of the pore inhibited large conducting channels (>1 nS) over smaller ones (120 pS). Quantitative analyses of the ER-GUV distribution as a function of the solute size revealed a selective inhibition for the permeation of solutes with sizes larger than 4 kDa, further demonstrating that the mutation targeting the transmembrane helix prevented formation of the large pores. Collectively, our data support the idea that the pore-forming domain of p7 may assemble into finite pores with approximate diameters of 1 and 5 nm. Moreover, the observation that the mutation interfering with formation of the larger pores can hamper virus production without affecting ER localization or homo-oligomerization, suggests prospective strategies to block/attenuate pestiviruses.

KEYWORDS:

ER membrane; Ion channel; Membrane permeabilization; Peptide-lipid interaction; Pore-forming peptide

PMID:
29317201
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbamem.2018.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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