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Adv Mater. 2018 Feb;30(7). doi: 10.1002/adma.201705872. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

Achieving the Widest Range of Syngas Proportions at High Current Density over Cadmium Sulfoselenide Nanorods in CO2 Electroreduction.

Author information

1
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Key Laboratory of Strongly-Coupled Quantum Matter Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, P. R. China.

Abstract

Electroreduction of CO2 is a sustainable approach to produce syngas with controllable ratios, which are required as specific reactants for the optimization of different industrial processes. However, it is challenging to achieve tunable syngas production with a wide ratio of CO/H2 , while maintaining a high current density. Herein, cadmium sulfoselenide (CdSx Se1-x ) alloyed nanorods are developed, which enable the widest range of syngas proportions ever reported at the current density above 10 mA cm-2 in CO2 electroreduction. Among CdSx Se1-x nanorods, CdS nanorods exhibit the highest Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 81% for CO production with a current density of 27.1 mA cm-2 at -1.2 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. With the increase of Se content in CdSx Se1-x nanorods, the FE for H2 production increases. At -1.2 V vs. RHE, the ratios of CO/H2 in products vary from 4:1 to 1:4 on CdSx Se1-x nanorods (x from 1 to 0). Notably, all proportions of syngas are achieved with current density higher than ≈25 mA cm-2 . Mechanistic study reveals that the increased Se content in CdSx Se1-x nanorods strengthens the binding of H atoms, resulting in the increased coverage of H* and thus the enhanced selectivity for H2 production in CO2 electroreduction.

KEYWORDS:

CO2 electroreduction; cadmium sulfoselenide; nanorods; syngas production; tunable selectivity

PMID:
29315864
DOI:
10.1002/adma.201705872

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