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Glycobiology. 2018 May 1;28(5):295-305. doi: 10.1093/glycob/cwx101.

A validated gRNA library for CRISPR/Cas9 targeting of the human glycosyltransferase genome.

Author information

1
Copenhagen Center for Glycomics, Departments of Cellular and Molecular Medicine and Odontology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
2
GlycoDisplay Aps, Blegdamsvej 3, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
3
Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde,i3S; Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of University of Porto, Ipatimup, Rua Júlio Amaral de Carvalho, 45, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.

Abstract

Over 200 glycosyltransferases are involved in the orchestration of the biosynthesis of the human glycome, which is comprised of all glycan structures found on different glycoconjugates in cells. The glycome is vast, and despite advancements in analytic strategies it continues to be difficult to decipher biological roles of glycans with respect to specific glycan structures, type of glycoconjugate, particular glycoproteins, and distinct glycosites on proteins. In contrast to this, the number of glycosyltransferase genes involved in the biosynthesis of the human glycome is manageable, and the biosynthetic roles of most of these enzymes are defined or can be predicted with reasonable confidence. Thus, with the availability of the facile CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing tool it now seems easier to approach investigation of the functions of the glycome through genetic dissection of biosynthetic pathways, rather than by direct glycan analysis. However, obstacles still remain with design and validation of efficient gene targeting constructs, as well as with the interpretation of results from gene targeting and the translation of gene function to glycan structures. This is especially true for glycosylation steps covered by isoenzyme gene families. Here, we present a library of validated high-efficiency gRNA designs suitable for individual and combinatorial targeting of the human glycosyltransferase genome together with a global view of the predicted functions of human glycosyltransferases to facilitate and guide gene targeting strategies in studies of the human glycome.

PMID:
29315387
DOI:
10.1093/glycob/cwx101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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