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Stem Cells. 2018 May;36(5):655-670. doi: 10.1002/stem.2772. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Transient MicroRNA Expression Enhances Myogenic Potential of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells.

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Department of Cytology, Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Poland.
Laboratory of Cytometry, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology.
Laboratory of Microarray Analysis, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known regulators of various cellular processes, including pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We analyzed differentiation of two ESC lines-D3 and B8, and observed significant differences in the expression of miRNAs and genes involved in pluripotency and differentiation. We also examined if transient miRNA overexpression could serve as a sufficient impulse modulating differentiation of mouse ESCs. ESCs were transfected with miRNA Mimics and differentiated in embryoid bodies and embryoid body outgrowths. miRNAs involved in differentiation of mesodermal lineages, such as miR145 and miR181, as well as miRNAs regulating myogenesis (MyomiRs)-miR1, miR133a, miR133b, and miR206 were tested. Using such approach, we proved that transient overexpression of molecules selected by us modulated differentiation of mouse ESCs. Increase in miR145 levels upregulated Pax3, Pax7, Myod1, Myog, and MyHC2, while miR181 triggered the expression of such crucial myogenic factors as Myf5 and MyHC2. As a result, the ability of ESCs to initiate myogenic differentiation and form myotubes was enhanced. Premature expression of MyomiRs had, however, an adverse effect on myogenic differentiation of ESCs. Stem Cells 2018;36:655-670.


Differentiation; Embryonic stem cells; MicroRNA; Myoblast

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