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Oncotarget. 2017 Nov 28;8(65):109587-109595. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.22730. eCollection 2017 Dec 12.

Proteomic approach toward determining the molecular background of pazopanib resistance in synovial sarcoma.

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Division of Rare Cancer Research, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.


Pazopanib, a multitarget tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor, has been approved for treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. Elucidation of the molecular background of pazopanib resistance should lead to improved clinical outcomes in sarcomas; accordingly, we investigated this in synovial sarcoma using a proteomic approach. Pazopanib sensitivity was examined in four synovial sarcoma cell lines: SYO-1, HS-SYII, 1273/99, and YaFuSS. The 1273/99 cell line showed significantly higher IC50 values than the others for pazopanib. Expression levels of 90 TKs in the cell lines were examined by western blotting. Among these, the levels of PDGFRB, DDR1, AXL, MET, and PYK2 were higher, and those of FGFR1 and VEGFR3 were lower in the 1273/99 cell line than the other cell lines. Gene silencing analysis of the TKs upregulated in 1273/99 cells showed differing effects on cell growth: PDGFRB, MET, and PYK2 knockdown induced cell growth inhibition, whereas DDR1 and AXL knockdown did not influence cell growth. Using the PamChip peptide microarray, we found that 18 peptide substrates were highly phosphorylated in the 1273/99 cell line compared with other cell lines. Using the PhosphoNet database, we found that kinases FGFR3, RET, VEGFR1, EPHA2, EPHA4, TRKA, and SRC phosphorylated these 18 peptide substrates. Moreover, the results for overexpressed and aberrantly activated TKs in pazopanib-resistant cells showed no overlap. Taken together, our study indicates that identification of comprehensive TK profiles represents an essential approach to determining the molecular background of pazopanib resistance in synovial sarcoma.


pazopanib; resistance; synovial sarcoma; tyrosine kinase

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