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Ann Fam Med. 2018 Jan;16(1):45-51. doi: 10.1370/afm.2152.

Family Physicians Managing Medical Requests From Family and Friends.

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Department of Family Medicine, Maastricht University, CAPHRI Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, School of Health Professions Education (SHE), Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Department of Family Medicine, Maastricht University, CAPHRI Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Discipline of General Practice, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia.



Although guidelines generally state that physicians should not treat their family members or friends (nonpatients), physicians regularly receive medical requests from nonpatients. We aimed to explore junior and senior family physicians' experiences with and attitudes toward managing medical requests from nonpatients.


We conducted a qualitative study with 7 focus groups with junior and senior physicians. We performed a thematic analysis during an iterative cycle of data collection and analysis.


When confronted with a medical request from a nonpatient, physicians first oriented themselves to the situation: who is this person, what is he or she asking of me, and where are we? Physicians next considered the following interrelated factors: (1) nature/strength of the relationship with the nonpatient, (2) amount of trust in his/her own knowledge and skills, (3) expected consequences of making mistakes, (4) importance of work-life balance, and (5) risk of disturbing the physician-patient process. Senior physicians applied more nuanced considerations when deciding whether to respond, whereas junior physicians experienced more difficulties dealing with these requests, were less inclined to respond, and were more concerned about disturbing the existing relationship that a person had with his/her own physician.


This study provides insight into the complexity that physicians face when managing medical questions and requests from nonpatients. Facilitated group discussions during which experiences are shared can help junior physicians become more confident in dealing with these complex issues as they formulate their own personal strategy regarding provision of medical advice or treatment to family and friends.


family medicine; medical education; practice-based research; primary care; qualitative research

[Available on 2018-07-01]
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Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of interest: authors report none.

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