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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018 Feb 21. doi: 10.1089/ars.2017.7172. [Epub ahead of print]

Dihydromyricetin Ameliorates Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease by Improving Mitochondrial Respiratory Capacity and Redox Homeostasis Through Modulation of SIRT3 Signaling.

Author information

1
Research Center for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Institute of Military Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University , Chongqing, People's Republic of China .

Abstract

AIMS:

Our previous clinical trial indicated that the flavonoid dihydromyricetin (DHM) could improve hepatic steatosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), altough the potential mechanisms of these effects remained elusive. Here, we investigated the hepatoprotective role of DHM on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD.

RESULTS:

DHM supplementation could effectively ameliorate the development of NAFLD by inhibiting hepatic lipid accumulation both in HFD-fed wild-type mice and in palmitic acid-induced hepatocytes. We reveal for the first time that mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by ATP depletion and augmented oxidative stress could be reversed by DHM treatment. Moreover, DHM enhanced the mitochondrial respiratory capacity by increasing the expression and enzymatic activities of mitochondrial complexes and increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species scavenging by restoring manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) activity. Interestingly, the benefits of DHM were abrogated in SIRT3 knockout (SIRT3KO) mice and in hepatocytes transfected with SIRT3 siRNA or treated with an SIRT3-specific inhibitor. We further showed that DHM could increase SIRT3 expression by activating the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1 alpha (PGC1α)/estrogen-related receptor-α (ERRα) signaling pathway.

INNOVATION:

Our work indicates that SIRT3 plays a critical role in the DHM-mediated beneficial effects that include ameliorating mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in a nutritional NAFLD model both in vivo and in vitro.

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that DHM prevents NAFLD by improving mitochondrial respiratory capacity and redox homeostasis in hepatocytes through a SIRT3-dependent mechanism. These results could provide a foundation to identify new DHM-based preventive and therapeutic strategies for NAFLD. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000-000.

KEYWORDS:

SIRT3; dihydromyricetin; mitochondrial ROS; mitochondrial respiratory; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

PMID:
29310441
DOI:
10.1089/ars.2017.7172

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