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J Urol. 2018 Jun;199(6):1600-1606. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2017.12.060. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Effect of Starting Penile Rehabilitation with Sildenafil Immediately after Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy on Erectile Function Recovery: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

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Department of Urology, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. Electronic address:
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.



It has not been clearly proved in real practice whether early rehabilitation with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors starting immediately after radical prostatectomy improves erectile function recovery more effectively than delayed treatment with the same regimen. We performed a prospective randomized trial to identify this.


Patients with prostate cancer and an IIEF-5 (International Index of Erectile Function-5) preoperative score of 17 or greater were randomly assigned to receive sildenafil 100 mg regularly twice per week for 3 months immediately after urethral catheter removal as the early group or only 3 months after nerve sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy as the delayed group. The study primary end point was the full erectile function recovery rate, defined as an IIEF-5 score of 17 or greater, during the 12 months.


Of the 120 randomized patients the proportion who achieved full recovery was significantly higher during the 12 months in the early group than in the delayed group (β = 0.356, p <0.001, generalized estimating equation). After 9 months postoperatively the proportion of patients who achieved full recovery steadily increased to 41.4% at 12 months in the early group while patients in the delayed group showed no further improvement. Thus, full recovery was achieved in only 17.7% of patients at 12 months. Only early sildenafil treatment independently improved full recovery at 12 months (HR 2.943, p = 0.034).


Our trial provides clinical data to suggest that earlier rehabilitation with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors can contribute to the recovery of erectile function after radical prostatectomy in the clinical setting.


erectile dysfunction; penis; phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors; prostatectomy; robotic surgical procedures

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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