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Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;36(3):475-479. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2017.11.050. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Common weight loss procedures and their complications.

Author information

1
Division of Bariatric, Foregut and Advanced Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York, United States. Electronic address: Maria.Altieri@stonybrookmedicine.edu.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Stony Brook Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York, United States.
3
Division of Bariatric, Foregut and Advanced Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As the number of obese patients in the United States continues to grow, there is a parallel increase in the number of bariatric surgery patients. A quarter of these patients will return to the Emergency Department (ED) within the first two years of the index procedure.

OBJECTIVE:

An understanding of the most common bariatric procedures and their related complications will greatly aide the Emergency Medicine physician in the care of these patients.

DISCUSSION:

Abdominal pain is the most common reason for bariatric patients to present to the ED and can represent a diagnostic challenge to EM physicians. It is important that EM physicians have a good understanding of bariatric procedures. We describe the three most common bariatric procedures: 1) the Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB); 2) the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG); 3) and the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB). Due to the unique altered anatomy following the procedures there are specific complications related to each individual procedure. We will describe the most common presentations of abdominal pain in the post bariatric surgery patient. Finally, we will review new endoscopic procedures and the associated complications that may cause patients to present to the ED.

CONCLUSION:

Certain complications in bariatric surgery patients can have a high rate of morbidity and mortality. An improved understanding of bariatric procedures and their complications will allow for improved vigilance and management.

KEYWORDS:

Bariatric patient; Complications; Diagnosis; Emergency department

PMID:
29306650
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajem.2017.11.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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