Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutr J. 2018 Jan 5;17(1):1. doi: 10.1186/s12937-017-0311-0.

Association between time perspective and organic food consumption in a large sample of adults.

Author information

1
Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité, INSERM U1153, INRA U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 13, 74, rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny, France. m.benard@eren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.
2
Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité, INSERM U1153, INRA U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 13, 74, rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny, France.
3
INRA, UMR1110 MOISA, F-34000, Montpellier, France.
4
Aix Marseille Université, Nutrition Obésité et Risque Thrombotique (NORT), INSERM UMR S 1062, INRA 1260, Marseille, France.
5
Paris School of Economics and INRA, UMR1393 PjSE, 48 Boulevard Jourdan, 75014, Paris, France.
6
Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabétologie, Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France.
7
Unité de Surveillance en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Université Paris 13, Bobigny, France.
8
Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Organic food intake has risen in many countries during the past decades. Even though motivations associated with such choice have been studied, psychological traits preceding these motivations have rarely been explored. Consideration of future consequences (CFC) represents the extent to which individuals consider future versus immediate consequences of their current behaviors. Consequently, a future oriented personality may be an important characteristic of organic food consumers. The objective was to analyze the association between CFC and organic food consumption in a large sample of the adult general population.

METHODS:

In 2014, a sample of 27,634 participants from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study completed the CFC questionnaire and an Organic-Food Frequency questionnaire. For each food group (17 groups), non-organic food consumers were compared to organic food consumers across quartiles of the CFC using multiple logistic regressions. Moreover, adjusted means of proportions of organic food intakes out of total food intakes were compared between quartiles of the CFC. Analyses were adjusted for socio-demographic, lifestyle and dietary characteristics.

RESULTS:

Participants with higher CFC were more likely to consume organic food (OR quartile 4 (Q4) vs. Q1 = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.62, 2.20). Overall, future oriented participants were more likely to consume 14 food groups. The strongest associations were observed for starchy refined foods (OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 1.63, 1.94), and fruits and vegetables (OR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.58, 1.92). The contribution of organic food intake out of total food intake was 33% higher in the Q4 compared to Q1. More precisely, the contribution of organic food consumed was higher in the Q4 for 16 food groups. The highest relative differences between Q4 and Q1 were observed for starchy refined foods (22%) and non-alcoholic beverages (21%). Seafood was the only food group without a significant difference.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides information on the personality of organic food consumers in a large sample of adult participants. Consideration of future consequences could represent a significant psychological determinant of organic food consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Consideration of future consequences; Nutrition; Organic food consumption; Psychology

PMID:
29304811
PMCID:
PMC5755405
DOI:
10.1186/s12937-017-0311-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center