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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Jan 26;31(1):91-94. doi: 10.1515/jpem-2017-0082.

Veganism as a cause of iodine deficient hypothyroidism.

Author information

1
Goreyb Children's Hospital, Atlantic Health System, Morristown, NJ, USA.
2
Pediatric Endocrinology, Goryeb Children's Hospital, Atlantic Health System, 100 Madison Ave., Morristown, NJ 07962, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of acquired hypothyroidism worldwide. Although uncommon in the Western world, the incidence of iodine deficiency may be rising due to the increased use of restrictive diets.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We present a 23-month-old boy diagnosed with iodine deficiency hypothyroidism, induced by a vegan diet.

CONCLUSIONS:

This case highlights the risk for iodine deficiency in children on a vegan diet after discontinuation of breast/formula feeding that could lead to acquired hypothyroidism.

KEYWORDS:

hypothyroid; iodine; pediatric

PMID:
29303778
DOI:
10.1515/jpem-2017-0082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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