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Invest Radiol. 2018 Apr;53(4):246-255. doi: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000436.

Pediatric Brain: Gadolinium Deposition in Dentate Nucleus and Globus Pallidus on Unenhanced T1-Weighted Images Is Dependent on the Type of Contrast Agent.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to identify the signal intensity (SI) changes in the dentate nucleus (DN) and the globus pallidus (GP) on unenhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images after multiple administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in children and compare those changes between linear and macrocyclic GBCAs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and the requirement for informed consent was waived. We identified 92 children who underwent at least 4 consecutive MR examinations exclusively using either linear GBCA (gadodiamide or gadopentetate dimeglumine, n = 41) or macrocyclic GBCA (gadoterate meglumine, n = 51). Signal intensity ratio changes in the DN to pons and GP to thalamus between the first and last MR examinations were calculated.

RESULTS:

The SI ratios in the linear group increased significantly between the first and last MR examinations (mean difference: DN to pons, 0.0461 ± 0.0480, P < 0.001; GP to thalamus, 0.0332 ± 0.0385, P < 0.001), but not in the macrocyclic group (mean difference: DN to pons, -0.0010 ± 0.0371, P = 0.855; GP to thalamus, 0.0007 ± 0.0294, P = 0.867). In the linear regression analysis, the numbers of administrations of gadodiamide and gadopentetate dimeglumine were highly associated with the differences in SI ratios (DN to pons, P < 0.001 and P = 0.003; GP to thalamus, P < 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The SIs of the DN and GP on unenhanced T1-weighted images increased after serial administrations of linear GBCA, but not macrocyclic GBCA, in children. The number of linear GBCA administration had a linear association with the SI changes in the DN and GP.

PMID:
29300210
DOI:
10.1097/RLI.0000000000000436
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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