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J Microbiol. 2018 Jan;56(1):30-35. doi: 10.1007/s12275-018-7476-x. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Larkinella roseus sp. nov., a species of the family Cytophagaceae isolated from beach soil.

Author information

1
Distant-water Fisheries Resources Division, National Institute of Fisheries Science, Busan, 46083, Republic of Korea.
2
School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41566, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Horticulture and Life Science, Yeugnnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Bio and Environmental Technology, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, 01797, Republic of Korea.
5
School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41566, Republic of Korea. heeyoung@knu.ac.kr.
6
Institute of Plant Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41566, Republic of Korea. heeyoung@knu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The taxonomic position of bacterial strain, designated 15J16-1T3AT, recovered from a soil sample was established using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain 15J16-1T3AT belonged to the family Cytophagaceae, phylum Bacteroidetes, and was most closely related to 'Larkinella harenae' 15J9-9 (95.9% similarity), Larkinella ripae 15J11-11T (95.6%), Larkinella bovis M2TB15T (94.7%), Larkinella arboricola Z0532T (93.9%), and Larkinella insperata LMG 22510T (93.5%). Cells were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, and nonmotile. The isolate grew on NA, R2A, TSA, but not on LB agar. The strain was able to grow at temperature range from 10°C to 30°C with an optimum at 25°C and pH 6-8. Menaquinone MK-7 was the predominant respiratory quinone. The major cellular fatty acids comprised C16:1ω5c (48.6%) and C15:0 iso (24.1%). Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine, and an unidentified lipid were the major polar lipids. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was 49.5 mol%. Strain 15J16-1T3AT could be distinguished from its closest phylogenetic neighbors based on its phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic features. Therefore, the isolate is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Larkinella, for which the name Larkinella roseus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 15J16-1T3AT (= KCTC 52004T = JCM 31991T).

KEYWORDS:

Bacteroidetes; Larkinella; soil bacteria

PMID:
29299846
DOI:
10.1007/s12275-018-7476-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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