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PLoS One. 2018 Jan 3;13(1):e0189988. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189988. eCollection 2018.

Ensemble method for dengue prediction.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, United States of America.
2
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the 2015 NOAA Dengue Challenge, participants made three dengue target predictions for two locations (Iquitos, Peru, and San Juan, Puerto Rico) during four dengue seasons: 1) peak height (i.e., maximum weekly number of cases during a transmission season; 2) peak week (i.e., week in which the maximum weekly number of cases occurred); and 3) total number of cases reported during a transmission season. A dengue transmission season is the 12-month period commencing with the location-specific, historical week with the lowest number of cases. At the beginning of the Dengue Challenge, participants were provided with the same input data for developing the models, with the prediction testing data provided at a later date.

METHODS:

Our approach used ensemble models created by combining three disparate types of component models: 1) two-dimensional Method of Analogues models incorporating both dengue and climate data; 2) additive seasonal Holt-Winters models with and without wavelet smoothing; and 3) simple historical models. Of the individual component models created, those with the best performance on the prior four years of data were incorporated into the ensemble models. There were separate ensembles for predicting each of the three targets at each of the two locations.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Our ensemble models scored higher for peak height and total dengue case counts reported in a transmission season for Iquitos than all other models submitted to the Dengue Challenge. However, the ensemble models did not do nearly as well when predicting the peak week.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Dengue Challenge organizers scored the dengue predictions of the Challenge participant groups. Our ensemble approach was the best in predicting the total number of dengue cases reported for transmission season and peak height for Iquitos, Peru.

PMID:
29298320
PMCID:
PMC5752022
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0189988
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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