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Sports Health. 2018 Jan 1:1941738117750553. doi: 10.1177/1941738117750553. [Epub ahead of print]

Physical Therapy Protocols for Arthroscopic Bankart Repair.

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1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Outcomes after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be highly dependent on compliance and participation in physical therapy. Additionally, there are many variations in physician-recommended physical therapy protocols.

HYPOTHESIS:

The rehabilitation protocols of academic orthopaedic surgery departments vary widely despite the presence of consensus protocols.

STUDY DESIGN:

Descriptive epidemiology study.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level 3.

METHODS:

Web-based arthroscopic Bankart rehabilitation protocols available online from Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited orthopaedic surgery programs were included for review. Individual protocols were reviewed to evaluate for the presence or absence of recommended therapies, goals for completion of ranges of motion, functional milestones, exercise start times, and recommended time to return to sport.

RESULTS:

Thirty protocols from 27 (16.4%) total institutions were identified out of 164 eligible for review. Overall, 9 (30%) protocols recommended an initial period of strict immobilization. Variability existed between the recommended time periods for sling immobilization (mean, 4.8 ± 1.8 weeks). The types of exercises and their start dates were also inconsistent. Goals to full passive range of motion (mean, 9.2 ± 2.8 weeks) and full active range of motion (mean, 12.2 ± 2.8 weeks) were consistent with other published protocols; however, wide ranges existed within the reviewed protocols as a whole. Only 10 protocols (33.3%) included a timeline for return to sport, and only 3 (10%) gave an estimate for return to game competition. Variation also existed when compared with the American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Therapists' (ASSET) consensus protocol.

CONCLUSION:

Rehabilitation protocols after arthroscopic Bankart repair were found to be highly variable. They also varied with regard to published consensus protocols. This discrepancy may lead to confusion among therapists and patients.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

This study highlights the importance of attending surgeons being very clear and specific with regard to their physical therapy instructions to patients and therapists.

KEYWORDS:

Bankart repair; instability; physical therapy; rehabilitation; shoulder

PMID:
29298132
DOI:
10.1177/1941738117750553
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