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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2018 Jun;82(6):947-955. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2017.1411775. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

The history and recent advances in research of polyprenol and its derivatives.

Author information

1
a Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials , Tohoku University , Sendai , Japan.
2
b Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics , Polish Academy of Sciences , Warsaw , Poland.
3
c Graduate School of Human Health Sciences , University of Nagasaki , Nagasaki , Japan.

Abstract

The reduction pathway leading to the formation of dolichol was clarified in 2010 with the identification of SRD5A3, which is the polyprenol reductase. The finding inspired us to reanalyze the length of the major chain of polyprenol and dolichol from several plant leaves, including mangrove plants, as well as from animal and fish livers by 2D-TLC. Polyprenol- and dolichol-derived metabolites such as polyprenylacetone and epoxydolichol were found together with rubber-like prenol. This review focuses on analyses of polyprenol and its derivatives, including recently found epoxypolyprenol and polyprenylacetone. Attention has also been paid to the chromatographic behavior of rubber-like prenol on TLC.

KEYWORDS:

Prenol; acetone; dolichol; epoxide; rubber

PMID:
29297247
DOI:
10.1080/09168451.2017.1411775
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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