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Integr Med Res. 2017 Dec;6(4):361-371. doi: 10.1016/j.imr.2017.07.007. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Single, repeated dose toxicity and genotoxicity assessment of herb formula KIOM2012H.

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KM (Korean Medicine) Application Center, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daegu Korea.



Traditional medicine and herbal prescriptions are becoming more popular, and they account for a large share of the world's healthcare research studies, developments, and market demands. Increasing scientific evidence of the substantive efficacies such as preventive health keeping pharmaceutical materials and dietary supplements can be found elsewhere. Above all, safety should be the critical premise for considering developmental materials such as pharmaceuticals without side effects and toxicity.


The authors formulated KIOM2012H (K2H) using four herbs that were reported to have medicinal effects-including anticancer, antiaging, antimicrobial, inflammation, and neuroprotective properties. In order to examine the toxicity, single and repeated dose toxicity, and genotoxicities of bacterial mutation, micronucleus, and chromosomal aberration assays were conducted.


All experimental observations and results showed normal findings. Toxicities or abnormal signs were not observed in all experimental assays, including oral administration, animal behavior, clinical findings, and changes in body weight in vivo. In vitro bacterial cultures produced no revertant colonies, and no increased numbers of structural or numerical aberrant metaphases were found in the metaphase chromosomes examined. Moreover, no significant increased frequency of micronucleus was observed in any of the doses used. Overall, no acute toxicity or genotoxicity was found in all analysis parameters in all the assays conducted.


Reviewing the results as a whole, K2H extract was regarded as a safe material with no toxicity, and can be applied for the research and development of complementary and alternative medicines with improved efficacy in current therapeutic healthcare, based on traditional medicine and herb resources.


genotoxicity; herb; toxicity; traditional medicine

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