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Nord Pulp Paper Res J. 2017 Sep 1;32(3):375-385. doi: 10.3183/NPPRJ-2017-32-03-p375-385.

Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions module for the pulp and paper industry.

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Office of Research and Development, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA.
Arcadis US, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC 27611, USA.


The U.S. is the world's second-leading producer of pulp and paper products after China. Boilers, recovery furnaces, and lime kilns are the dominant sources of emissions from pulp and paper mills, collectively accounting for more than 99 % of the SO2, almost 96 % of the NOX, and more than 85 % of the particulate matter (PM) emitted to the air from this sector in the U.S. The process of developing industrial strategies for managing emissions can be made efficient, and the resulting strategies more cost-effective, through the application of modeling that accounts for relevant technical, environmental and economic factors. Accordingly, the United States Environmental Protection Agency is developing the Universal Industrial Sectors Integrated Solutions module for the Pulp and Paper Industry (UISIS-PNP). It can be applied to evaluate emissions and economic performance of pulp and paper mills separately under user-defined pollution control strategies. In this paper, we discuss the UISIS-PNP module, the pulp and paper market and associated air emissions from the pulp and paper sector. After illustrating the sector-based multi-product modeling structure, a hypothetical example is presented to show the engineering and economic considerations involved in the emission-reduction modeling of the pulp and paper sector in the U.S.


Economic analysis; Emissions analysis; Environmental analysis; Mitigation options and Cost; Modeling; Multi-pollutant assessment; Pulp and paper sector

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