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Am J Transplant. 2018 Jan;18 Suppl 1:172-253. doi: 10.1111/ajt.14559.

OPTN/SRTR 2016 Annual Data Report: Liver.

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Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, Richmond, VA.
United Network for Organ Sharing, Richmond, VA.
Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
Department of Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.


Data on adult liver transplants performed in the US in 2016 are no-table for (1) the largest total number of transplants performed (7841); (2) the shortest median waiting time in recent history (11.3 months); (3) continued reduction in waitlist registrations and transplants for hepatitis C-related indications; (4) increasing numbers of patients whose clinical profiles are consistent with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; and (5) equilibration of transplant rates in patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite the increase in the number of available organs, waitlist mortality remained an important concern. Graft survival rates continued to improve. In 2016, 723 new active candidates were added to the pediatric liver transplant waiting list, down from a peak of 826 in 2005. The number of prevalent candidates (on the list on December 31 of the given year) was stable, 408 active and 169 inactive. The number of pediatric living donor liver transplants decreased from a peak of 79 in 2015 to 62 in 2016, with most from donors closely related to the recipients. Graft survival continued to improve over the past decade among recipients of deceased donor and living donor livers.


Liver transplant; allocation; distribution; waiting list

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