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Cell. 2018 Jan 11;172(1-2):68-80.e12. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.12.004. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Allosteric Coupling of Drug Binding and Intracellular Signaling in the A2A Adenosine Receptor.

Author information

1
Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.
2
Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.
3
Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
4
Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
5
Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Pfizer Worldwide Research and Development, Eastern Point Road, Groton, CT 06340, USA.
6
Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: wuthrich@scripps.edu.

Abstract

Signaling across cellular membranes, the 826 human G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) govern a wide range of vital physiological processes, making GPCRs prominent drug targets. X-ray crystallography provided GPCR molecular architectures, which also revealed the need for additional structural dynamics data to support drug development. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy with the wild-type-like A2A adenosine receptor (A2AAR) in solution provides a comprehensive characterization of signaling-related structural dynamics. All six tryptophan indole and eight glycine backbone 15N-1H NMR signals in A2AAR were individually assigned. These NMR probes provided insight into the role of Asp522.50 as an allosteric link between the orthosteric drug binding site and the intracellular signaling surface, revealing strong interactions with the toggle switch Trp 2466.48, and delineated the structural response to variable efficacy of bound drugs across A2AAR. The present data support GPCR signaling based on dynamic interactions between two semi-independent subdomains connected by an allosteric switch at Asp522.50.

KEYWORDS:

G protein-coupled receptor; GPCR; NMR; allosteric modulation; membrane protein; nuclear magnetic resonance; signaling

PMID:
29290469
PMCID:
PMC5766378
[Available on 2019-01-11]
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2017.12.004

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