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Lung Cancer. 2018 Jan;115:49-55. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.11.008. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Does nivolumab for progressed metastatic lung cancer fulfill its promises? An efficacy and safety analysis in 20 general hospitals.

Author information

1
Onze-Lieve-Vrouw Ziekenhuis Aalst, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: kurt.tournoy@olvz-aalst.be.
2
Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Limburg and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
3
AZ Maria Middelares Gent, Belgium.
4
AZ Groeninge Kortrijk, Belgium.
5
AZ Sint-Jan Brugge-Oostende AV Campus Brugge, Belgium.
6
ZNA Middelheim - Stuyvenberg - Sint-Erasmus Antwerpen, Belgium.
7
KLINA Brasschaat, Belgium.
8
AZ Sint-Lucas Gent, Belgium.
9
AZ Sint-Lucas Brugge, Belgium.
10
Jan Yperman Ziekenhuis Ieper, Belgium.
11
Imelda Ziekenhuis Bonheiden, Belgium.
12
Jessa Ziekenhuis Hasselt, Belgium.
13
Algemeen Stedelijk Ziekenhuis Aalst, Belgium.
14
AZ Sint Blasius Dendermonde, Belgium.
15
AZ Zeno Knokke-Blankenberge, Belgium.
16
Sint-Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Belgium.
17
AZ Sint-Rembert Ziekenhius Torhout, Belgium.
18
AZ West Veurne, Belgium.
19
AZ Sint-Jan Brugge-Oostende AV Campus Oostende, Belgium.
20
AZ Glorieux, Ronse, Belgium.
21
Onze-Lieve-Vrouw Ziekenhuis Aalst, Belgium.
22
AZ Delta Roeselare, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In patients with refractory or recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after first line chemotherapy, phase III trials showed superiority of nivolumab, an IgG4 programmed death-1 immune-checkpoint-inhibitor antibody, over docetaxel. We evaluated case mix, effectiveness and safety of nivolumab upon implementation in general practice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In 20 general hospitals, all consecutive NSCLC patients treated with nivolumab within the medical need program (inclusion period 12 months) in Flanders - Belgium were evaluated.

RESULTS:

There were 267 patients, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score was 2 in 24% and 0-1 in 76%. In 48%, two or more systemic regimens were given before nivolumab. The median overall survival was 7.8 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 6.3-9.3). At one year, the overall survival rate was 36.5±0.34%. Median progression-free survival was 3.7 months (95% CI 2.9-4.5). An objective response was obtained in 23.2%. ECOG score 2 and presence of liver metastasis strongly correlated with worse survival (p<0.00001). Treatment related adverse events grade 3 or 4 were reported in 21%, colitis (4%) and pneumonitis (7%) were most frequent.

CONCLUSION:

Upon implementation of nivolumab therapy in general hospitals, the case mix was characterized by a more heavily pretreated population with a substantial fraction of patients with ECOG score 2. The median overall survival is slightly inferior to what was published in the randomized phase III trials. An ECOG score 2 and the presence of liver metastasis correlated strongly with a worse survival. We report a high prevalence of serious adverse events.

KEYWORDS:

Immunotherapy; Metastatic lung cancer; Nivolumab; Non-small cell lung cancer

PMID:
29290261
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.11.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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