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Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 13;1000:93-99. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.10.025. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Online-LASIL: Laser Ablation of Solid Samples in Liquid with online-coupled ICP-OES detection for direct determination of the stoichiometry of complex metal oxide thin layers.

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TU Wien, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna, Austria.
TU Wien, Joint Workshop Technical Chemistry, Vienna, Austria.
TU Wien, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:


Advanced materials such as complex metal oxides are used in a wide range of applications and have further promising perspectives in the form of thin films. The exact chemical composition essentially influences the electronic properties of these materials which makes correct assessment of their composition necessary. However, due to high chemical resistance and in the case of thin films low absolute analyte amounts, this procedure is in most cases not straightforward and extremely time-demanding. Commonly applied techniques either lack in ease of use (i.e., solution-based analysis with preceding sample dissolution), or adequately accurate quantification (i.e., solid sampling techniques). An analysis approach which combines the beneficial aspects of solution-based analysis as well as direct solid sampling is Laser Ablation of a Sample in Liquid (LASIL). In this work, it is shown that the analysis of major as well as minor sample constituents is possible using a novel online-LASIL setup, allowing sample analysis without manual sample handling after placing it in an ablation chamber. Strontium titanate (STO) thin layers with different compositions were analyzed in the course of this study. Precision of the newly developed online-LASIL method is comparable to conventional wet chemical approaches. With only about 15-20 min required for the analysis per sample, time demand is significantly reduced compared to often necessary fusion procedures lasting multiple hours.


Flow Injection; ICP-OES; Laser Ablation; Stoichiometry determination


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