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Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1989 Apr;168(4):302-6.

Intraoperative autotransfusion in radical cystectomy for carcinoma of the bladder.

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Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville.


From 1984 to 1987, 49 patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder underwent radical cystectomy during which intraoperative autotransfusion was used. Thirty-three patients were observed for a minimum of one year postoperatively; the mean and median follow-up periods in this group were 23.8 and 26.0 months. Twenty-nine of these 33 patients were alive at the time of reporting; 25 were alive with no evidence of disease, and seven had postoperative recurrence of disease, and seven had postoperative recurrence of tumor. Diffused metastatic disease compatible with intravascular dissemination of tumor during autotransfusion did not develop in any of the patients. Intraoperative loss of blood ranged from 400 to 4,000 milliliters; the mean was 1,497, and the median, 1,300 milliliters. The mean volume of autotransfused blood was 492 milliliters. Autotransfusion accounted for 40 per cent of the total transfusion requirements of the patients and proved to be cost effective for the entire study group. Fear of dissemination of tumor has limited the use of intraoperative autotransfusion during surgical procedures for carcinoma. Analysis of our data failed to define any evidence for dissemination of tumor caused by autotransfusion in patients who underwent radical cystectomy.

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