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Food Chem. 2018 Apr 15;245:1239-1247. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.11.092. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Evaluation of nutritional and chemical composition of yacon syrup using 1H NMR and UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MSE.

Author information

1
Department of Food Engineering, Federal University of Ceará, 60356-000 Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
2
Embrapa Agroindústria Tropical, Dra Sara Mesquita, 2270, 60511-110 Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address: ana.dionisio@embrapa.br.
3
Embrapa Agroindústria Tropical, Dra Sara Mesquita, 2270, 60511-110 Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Abstract

A complete characterization of yacon syrup was performed by analytical techniques, including NMR and UPLC-QTOF-MSE. The effect of the different stages of yacon syrup production on fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and chlorogenic acid (CGA) contents were also evaluated. As a result, in addition to higher levels of FOS and CGA, some mineral elements, such as K, Ca and P, and essential amino acids, such as tryptophan, valine, and threonine, were determined in yacon syrup. Twenty-five compounds were putatively identified, and the main compounds were phenolics derived from quinic and trans-cinnamic acids. Considering the different stages of yacon syrup production, the results indicate that the contents of FOS and CGA were maintained in the pulping, enzymatic maceration and microfiltration, leading to a concentration of these components in the last stage of processing (vacuum concentration). These results will be used to fortify this innovative and promising product in the area of functional foods.

KEYWORDS:

1-Kestose (PubChem CID: 440080); 1F-β-fructofuranosylnystose (PubChem CID: 3085157); Chlorogenic acid; Chlorogenic acid (PubChem CID: 1794427); Fructooligosaccharides; Nystose (PubChem CID: 166775); Prebiotic; Smallanthus sonchifolius

PMID:
29287348
DOI:
10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.11.092
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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