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Oncotarget. 2017 Oct 9;8(62):105103-105114. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.21707. eCollection 2017 Dec 1.

Outcome of EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients with MET-driven resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Author information

1
CHU Lille, Thoracic Oncology Department, Univ. Lille, Siric ONCOLille, Lille, France.
2
Univ. Lille, CNRS, Institut Pasteur de Lille, UMR 8161, M3T, Mechanisms of Tumorigenesis and Targeted Therapies, Lille, France.
3
Toulouse University Hospital, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.
4
Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille, Multidisciplinary Oncology & Therapeutic Innovations Department, Marseille, France.
5
Louis Pradel Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France.
6
Rouen University Hospital, Thoracic oncology unit & Normandy University, IRIB, LITIS Lab, EA 4103 QuantIF team, Rouen, France.
7
Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Musse, Toulon, France.
8
Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, Créteil, France.
9
APHP Hôpital Tenon, Paris, France.
10
Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.
11
Centre Régional de Lutte Contre le Cancer François Baclesse, Caen, France.
12
Centre Oscar Lambret, Lille, France.
13
CHU Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
14
APHP - Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
15
Unité d'Oncologie Thoracique, Service de Pneumologie, CHU Grenoble-Alpes, La Tronche, France.
16
EA 2694 University of Lille, Lille, France.

Abstract

Background:

Several mechanisms of acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in EGFR-mutated NSCLC have been described including the T790M mutation and MET amplification. Whereas T790M mutation confers prolonged survival and sensitivity to 3rd generation TKIs, data are lacking on clinical features and outcome of MET-driven resistant EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients.

Methods:

Patients with metastatic EGFR-mutated NSCLC displaying high MET overexpression or MET amplification, detected on a biopsy performed after progression on EGFR TKI, were identified in 15 centers. Clinical and molecular data were retrospectively collected.

Results:

Forty two patients were included. The median overall survival (OS), and the median post EGFR TKI progression overall survival (PPOS) were 36.2 months [95%CI 27.3-66.5] and 18.5 months [95%CI 10.6-27.4] respectively. Nineteen out of 36 tumors tested for MET FISH had MET amplification. A T790M mutation was found in 11/41 (26.8%) patients. T790M-positive patients had a better OS than T790M-negative patients (p=0.0224). Nineteen patients received a MET TKI. Objective response was reported in 1 out of 12 evaluable patients treated with a MET inhibitor as a single agent and in 1 of 2 patients treated with a combination of MET and EGFR TKIs.

Conclusion:

MET-driven resistance to EGFR TKI defines a specific pattern of resistance characterized by low objective response rate to MET inhibitors given alone and overlapping with T790M mutations. Further studies are warranted to define adequate therapeutic strategies for MET-driven resistance to EGFR TKI.

KEYWORDS:

EGFR; MET; non small cell lung cancer; resistance; tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST A B. Cortot reported conflicts of interest with : Astra-Zeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Roche, Novartis, BMS, MSD, Pfizer Simon Baldacci reported conflicts of interest with : Lilly, GSK, Pfizer, Roche Nicolas Girard reported conflicts of interest with : Astra-Zeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Roche, Novartis, BMS, MSD, Pfizer Clarisse Audigier-Valette reported conflicts of interest with : Astra-Zeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Roche, Novartis, BMS, MSD, Pfizer Florian Guisier reported conflicts of interest with : Boehringer-Ingelheim, BMS

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