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J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2018 Jun;24(4):272-280. doi: 10.1177/1078155217697485. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

A retrospective review of fall risk factors in the bone marrow transplant inpatient service.

Author information

1
1 H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.
2
2 University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
3
3 University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tuscon, AZ, USA.
4
4 The James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare medications and potential risk factors between patients who experienced a fall during hospitalization compared to those who did not fall while admitted to the Blood and Marrow Transplant inpatient setting at The James Cancer Hospital. Secondary objectives included evaluation of transplant-related disease states and medications in the post-transplant setting that may lead to an increased risk of falls, post-fall variables, and number of tests ordered after a fall. Methods This retrospective, case-control study matched patients in a 2:1 ratio of nonfallers to fallers. Data from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) reported fall events and patient electronic medical records were utilized. A total of 168 adult Blood and Marrow Transplant inpatients with a hematological malignancy diagnosis were evaluated from 1 January 2010 to 30 September 2012. Results Univariable and multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between potential predictor variables of interest and falls. Variables that were found to be significant predictors of falls from the univariable models include age group, incontinence, benzodiazepines, corticosteroids, anticonvulsants and antidepressants, and number of days status-post transplant. When considered for a multivariable model age group, corticosteroids, and a cancer diagnosis of leukemia were significant in the final model. Conclusion Recent medication utilization such as benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, corticosteroids, and antidepressants placed patients at a higher risk of experiencing a fall. Other significant factors identified from a multivariable analysis found were patients older than age 65, patients with recent corticosteroid administration and a cancer diagnosis of leukemia.

KEYWORDS:

Bone marrow transplant; fall risk factors; inpatient falls

PMID:
29284362
DOI:
10.1177/1078155217697485
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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