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World J Surg. 2018 Jul;42(7):2173-2182. doi: 10.1007/s00268-017-4416-6.

Predicted Coronary Heart Disease Risk Decreases in Obese Patients After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wu-xing Street, Taipei City, 110, Taiwan.
3
Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wu-xing Street, Taipei City, 110, Taiwan. plchen@tmu.edu.tw.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the reduction of 6 and 12 months postoperatively of Framingham risk score in morbidly obese patients with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

In total, 870 morbid obesity patients received LSG in Taipei Medical University Hospital from June 2007 to June 2014 were retrospectively studied preoperatively, 6 and 12 months after surgery. The coronary heart disease risk was calculated using Framingham risk score.

RESULTS:

The body mass index in men and women decreased from 43.3 ± 6.9, 39.2 ± 6.0 kg/m2 preoperatively to 32.9 ± 6.7, 31.0 ± 5.2 kg/m2 and to 30.4 ± 5.6 , 28.2 ± 4.7 kg/m2, respectively, at 6 and 12 months after surgery (P < 0.0001). At 6 and 12 months after LSG, there was a marked improvement on lipid profile as well as a significant decline in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, and smoking. The Framingham risk score in men and women reduced from 3.2 ± 5.7, 6.1 ± 5.7 preoperatively to 1.4 ± 5.9, 3.3 ± 5.9 and 0.1 ± 6.2, 2.8 ± 6.1, respectively, at 6 and 12 months after surgery (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is efficient not only in the reduction of obesity and its related comorbidities but also in decreasing the long-term coronary event risk. Early intervention for the high-risk group is strongly recommended.

PMID:
29282509
DOI:
10.1007/s00268-017-4416-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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