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Curr Opin Psychol. 2018 Feb;19:75-80. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.034. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

The General Aggression Model.

Author information

1
Iowa State University, W-112 Lagomarcino Hall, 901 Stange Rd, Ames, IA 50011, USA. Electronic address: jallen@iastate.edu.
2
Iowa State University, W-112 Lagomarcino Hall, 901 Stange Rd, Ames, IA 50011, USA.
3
The Ohio State University, 3016 Derby Hall, 154 N. Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The General Aggression Model (GAM) is a comprehensive, integrative, framework for understanding aggression. It considers the role of social, cognitive, personality, developmental, and biological factors on aggression. Proximate processes of GAM detail how person and situation factors influence cognitions, feelings, and arousal, which in turn affect appraisal and decision processes, which in turn influence aggressive or nonaggressive behavioral outcomes. Each cycle of the proximate processes serves as a learning trial that affects the development and accessibility of aggressive knowledge structures. Distal processes of GAM detail how biological and persistent environmental factors can influence personality through changes in knowledge structures. GAM has been applied to understand aggression in many contexts including media violence effects, domestic violence, intergroup violence, temperature effects, pain effects, and the effects of global climate change.

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