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Eur J Radiol. 2018 Jan;98:14-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.10.027. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Inter-exam agreement and diagnostic performance of the Korean thyroid imaging reporting and data system for thyroid nodule assessment: Real-time versus static ultrasonography.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jungmin1235.bae@samsung.com.
2
Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: aurore47@naver.com.
3
Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: helena35@hanmail.net.
4
Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ey.ko@samsung.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the inter-exam agreement for thyroid nodule between real-time ultrasonography (US) assessment and retrospective US interpretation and to compare the diagnostic performance between two methods by using the most recently published guidelines for the US-based management of thyroid nodules, the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS).

METHODS:

The study included 253 nodules in 238 patients for the inter-exam agreement and 201 nodules in 190 patients for the diagnostic performance. Real-time and retrospectively static US images were analyzed according to the US descriptors and final categories of the K-TIRADS. Inter-exam agreements between real-time US assessments and static US image interpretation were analyzed, as was the diagnostic performance of both methods.

RESULTS:

Overall inter-exam agreements were almost perfect for orientation (κ=0.868); and substantial for composition, spongiform appearance, echogenicity, shape, margin, calcification, and final K-TIRADS categories (κ=0.754, 0.786, 0.747, 0.670, 0.666, 0.778, and 0.754, respectively). Specifically, moderate agreements were observed for predominantly cystic composition and ill-defined margin. The overall diagnostic performances of both real-time US assessment and retrospective US interpretation using the K-TIRADS were comparable.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall inter-exam agreements between real-time and retrospective US image interpretation for thyroid nodules using the K-TIRADS were equal or more than a substantial. Therefore, the use of K-TIRADS can provide consistent description and assessment for thyroid US regardless of the timing of interpretation.

KEYWORDS:

Inter-exam agreement; K-TIRADS; Thyroid; Ultrasonography

PMID:
29279153
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.10.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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