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J Neuromuscul Dis. 2018;5(1):1-10. doi: 10.3233/JND-170276.

Diaphragm: Pathophysiology and Ultrasound Imaging in Neuromuscular Disorders.

Author information

1
APHP, Raymond Poincare University Hospital, Garches, France.
2
Myology Institute, Pitié Salpetrière Hospital, Paris, France.
3
Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
4
INSERM U1179, Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France.

Abstract

Respiratory muscles are classically involved in neuromuscular disorders, leading to a restrictive respiratory pattern. The diaphragm is the main respiratory muscle involved during inspiration. Ultrasound imaging is a noninvasive, radiation-free, accurate and safe technique allowing assessment of diaphragm anatomy and function. The authors review the pathophysiology of diaphragm in neuromuscular disorders, the methodology and indications of diaphragm ultrasound imaging as well as possible pitfalls in the interpretation of results.

KEYWORDS:

Diaphragm; neuromuscular disorders; ultrasound

PMID:
29278898
PMCID:
PMC5836400
DOI:
10.3233/JND-170276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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