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Int J Drug Policy. 2018 Mar;53:32-36. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Dec 23.

Role of recovery residences in criminal justice reform.

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Public Health Institute Oakland, CA, United States. Electronic address:


Over the past decade there has been a clear consensus among drug policy researchers that the practice of incarcerating persons for drug offenses has been counterproductive. As a result, U.S. criminal justice policy is increasingly emphasizing alternative dispositions to incarceration for drug related arrests. In addition, large numbers of persons currently incarcerated for drug related offenses are being released into communities. However, there are serious questions about where these individuals are going to live once released and how they will access needed services. Residential recovery homes in the community are good options for those who wish to pursue abstinence from drugs. They provide a drug- and alcohol-free living environment along with social support for abstinence and successful functioning in the community. This paper reviews recent changes in drug policy the U.S. and describes the variety of recovery home options that are available to persons diverted or released from incarceration.


Criminal justice reform; Drug offense; Parole; Probation; Recovery home; Residential treatment

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