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Rev Argent Microbiol. 2018 Jul - Sep;50(3):255-263. doi: 10.1016/j.ram.2017.07.006. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

[Characterization of the genetic variability of field strains of Brucella canis isolated in Antioquia].

[Article in Spanish]

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Grupo Vericel, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. Electronic address:
Grupo Biogénesis, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.


Brucella canis is a facultative intracellular pathogen responsible for canine brucellosis, a zoonotic disease that affects canines, causing abortions and reproductive failure; and the production of non-specific symptoms in humans. In 2005 the presence of B. canis in Antioquia was demonstrated and the strains were identified as type 2. The sequencing of the genome of a field strain denoted Brucella canis str. Oliveri, showed species-specific indel events, which led us to investigate the genomic characteristics of the B. canis strain isolated and to establish the phylogenetic relationships and the divergence time of B. canis str. Oliveri. Conventional PCR sequencing was performed in 30 field strains identifying 5 indel events recognized in B. canis str. Oliveri. ADN from Brucella suis, Brucella melitensis and vaccine strains from Brucella abortus were used as control, and it was determined that all of the studied field strains shared 4 out of the 5 indels of the sequenced Oliveri strain, indicating the presence of more than one strain circulating in the region. Phylogenetic analysis was performed with 24 strains of Brucella using concatenated sequences of genetic markers for species differentiation. The molecular clock hypothesis and Tajima's relative rate test were tested, showing that the Oliveri strain, similarly to other canis species, diverged from B. suis. The molecular clock hypothesis between Brucella species was rejected and an evolution rate and a similar genetic distance between the B. canis were demonstrated.


Deleciones; Deletions; Indel events; Indels; Inserciones; Insertions; Molecular clock; Reloj molecular

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