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Microb Pathog. 2018 Feb;115:112-116. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2017.12.056. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Molecular characterization of extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae strains isolated from a tertiary care hospital.

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Department of Microbiology, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan deemed to be University, India.
Centre for Biotechnology, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan deemed to be University, India.
Centre for Biotechnology, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan deemed to be University, India. Electronic address:


Infectious diseases caused by ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae are an emerging problem worldwide which increases the empirical treatment failure, hospital cost, rate of morbidity and mortality. This also leads to the Hospital infection outbreak. Present study was undertaken to determine the frequency of blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaSHV genes among Enterobacteriaceae. A total of 751 non-repeated clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae family were included in this study. Antibiotic susceptibility test was done and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against four antibiotics was carried out. Five hundred fifteen multi drug resistant isolates were tested for ESBL by CLSI confirmatory method. Isolates showing ESBL positive by phenotypic method were screened for blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaSHV genes by monoplex PCR. Two blaTEM and two blaCTX-M amplified products were selected randomly for sequencing. Sequencing data was submitted to NCBI data base. Of the 515 MDR isolates, 140 showed ESBL production by phenotypic method. All the ESBL producing isolates showed resistant to ceftazidime (100%). IMP, TGC and CL drugs could be preferred for the treatment of ESBL producers as these drugs showed a lower rate of resistance. blaTEM gene was the predominant (96.42%) followed by blaCTX-M (75%) and blaSHV (17.85%). All the three bla genes were occurred in 22 (17.14%) isolates. All the phenotypically confirmed ESBL producers were found contain any one of the three bla genes. It is concluded from the study that the blaTEM was predominantly found in Enterobacteriaceae and blaCTX-M gene also seemed to emerging.


ESBL gene; Enterobacteriaceae; bla(CTX-M); bla(SHV); bla(TEM)

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