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Eye (Lond). 2018 Apr;32(4):701-706. doi: 10.1038/eye.2017.279. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Peripapillary retina nerve fiber layer thickness and macular ganglion cell layer thickness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey.
Istanbul Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Education and Research Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul, Turkey.
Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


PurposeTo investigate the association of the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL).Materials and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, 145 patients with OSAS and 40 healthy subjects were enrolled. OSAS patients were further divided into mild (n=50), moderate (n=36), and severe (n=59) OSAS groups according to their apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography was used to measure the peripapillary RNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses.ResultsThere was no statistical difference between the RNFL thickness in OSAS and control groups (P>0.05). Both average GC-IPL and minimum GC-IPL thicknesses were significantly lower in severe OSAS group than in healthy controls (P<0.05 for both). There was a significant negative correlation between AHI and both average GC-IPL (r=-0.232, P=0.005) and minimum GC-IPL (r=-0.233, P=0.005) thicknesses.ConclusionsOur study results suggest that although RNFL thickness did not differ significantly between OSAS and control groups, ganglion cell layer thickness in OSAS patients is much lower than in healthy population. Ganglion cell thickness showed a significant correlation with the severity of OSAS.

[Available on 2019-04-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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