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Can J Anaesth. 2018 Mar;65(3):280-287. doi: 10.1007/s12630-017-1048-0. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

A randomized comparison between interscalene and combined infraclavicular-suprascapular blocks for arthroscopic shoulder surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia, Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, University of Chile, Office B222 Second Floor, Sector B, 999 Santos Dumont, Independencia, 8380456, Santiago, Chile. aliste3006@gmail.com.
2
Department of Anesthesia, Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, University of Chile, Office B222 Second Floor, Sector B, 999 Santos Dumont, Independencia, 8380456, Santiago, Chile.
3
Department of Anesthesia, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This randomized trial aimed to evaluate combined infraclavicular-suprascapular blocks (ICB-SSBs) as a diaphragm-sparing alternative to interscalene blocks (ISBs) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We hypothesized that ICB-SSB would provide equivalent postoperative analgesia to ISB 30 min after surgery without the risk of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis.

METHODS:

Following research ethics board approval and written informed consent, participants in the ISB group received an ultrasound-guided ISB with 20 mL of levobupivacaine 0.25% and epinephrine 5 µg·mL-1. In the ICB-SSB group, ultrasound-guided ICB (20 mL) and SSB (10 mL) were carried out using the same local anesthetic. Thirty minutes after the block was performed, a blinded investigator assessed the presence of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis. Subsequently, all patients underwent general anesthesia. Postoperatively, a blinded investigator recorded pain scores at rest at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hr. Consumption of intra- and postoperative narcotics was also tabulated.

RESULTS:

Compared to its ICB-SSB counterpart, the ISB group displayed non-equivalent (i.e., lower) postoperative pain scores at 30 min (difference of the medians, -4; 99% confidence interval [CI], -6 to -3), required less cumulative morphine iv at 24 hr (difference of the means, -6.1 mg; 95% CI, -10.5 to -1.6), and resulted in a higher incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis (18/20 vs 0/20 patients, respectively; P < 0.001). Although postoperative pain scores at one, two, and three hours appeared lower in the ISB group, the upper bounds of the 99% CIs did not exceed the equivalence margin.

CONCLUSION:

Compared with ICB-SSB, ISB provided non-equivalent (i.e., lower) postoperative pain scores 30 min after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Thereafter, postoperative analgesia was comparable between the two groups. Further trials are required to compare ISB with ICB-SSB using a proximal (i.e., costoclavicular) technique for ICB.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

www.clinicaltrials.gov , NCT02993939. Registered 12 December 2016.

PMID:
29270914
DOI:
10.1007/s12630-017-1048-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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