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Eur Addict Res. 2017;23(6):276-283. doi: 10.1159/000485033. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Fatal Overdoses of Opioids in Israel 2005-2014.

Author information

1
Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.
2
Lev-Hasharon Medical Center, Pardesiya, Israel.
3
Department of Health Information, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.
4
Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

AIMS:

To explore previously unreported rates and trends in opioid-related mortality in Israel, 2005-2014.

METHODS:

Data was obtained from the national database on causes of death. Drug poisoning deaths were divided into opioid-related deaths and deaths related to other drugs according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 code of underlying cause, and included drug poisoning of accidental, intentional or undetermined intent. Age-adjusted rates were calculated per 100,000 population. Rate ratios were calculated and a logistic model constructed to compare the risk of opioid-related deaths in both halves of the decade (2006-2009 and 2009-2013) and between various demographic groups.

RESULTS:

While age-adjusted rates of deaths related to other drugs remained relatively stable, rates of opioid-related deaths significantly decreased during this period across all groups. During the study period, the number of opioid-related deaths in Israel declined from 1.3 to 0.3 per 100,000. Opioid-related deaths were more common among men, young adults and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rates of opioid-related deaths in Israel were low compared to those reported in the United States and United Kingdom. In addition, the decline in opioid-related deaths in Israel is contrary to trends observed in the United States and United Kingdom. Factors that may contribute to these differences are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Drug poisoning mortality; Opioid poisoning; Prescription opioids

PMID:
29268270
DOI:
10.1159/000485033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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