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Rehabil Psychol. 2017 Nov;62(4):474-484. doi: 10.1037/rep0000145.

NIH toolbox cognition tests following traumatic brain injury: Frequency of low scores.

Author information

1
The Center for Health Assessment Research and Translation, University of Delaware.
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School.
3
Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia.
4
The Center for Health Assessment Research and Translation, Departments of Physical Therapy, Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware.
5
Shirley Ryan Ability Lab.

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:

To apply multivariate base rate analyses to the National Institutes of Health Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB) to facilitate the identification of cognitive impairment in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research Method/Design: In a multisite cross-sectional design, 158 participants who sustained a complicated mild or moderate TBI (n = 74) or severe TBI (n = 84) at least 1 year earlier were administered the NIHTB-CB. The NIHTB-CB is comprised of 2 crystallized cognition tests (reflecting premorbid ability) and 5 fluid cognition tests, measuring processing speed, memory, and executive functioning. Base rates for obtaining 0 to 5 low fluid cognition scores were calculated across a range of cutoffs for defining a low test score (≤25th to 5th percentiles). Base rates of low scores in the TBI sample were compared to the NIHTB-CB normative sample using diagnostic accuracy statistics.

RESULTS:

The proportion of the TBI sample obtaining low scores decreased as the cutoff for defining a low score decreased. Individuals with lower premorbid cognitive ability, as measured by NIHTB-CB Crystallized Composite score, tended to produce more low scores on the NIHTB-CB fluid cognition tests, even when using fully demographically adjusted scores. Certain patterns of low scores were associated with TBI (defined as likelihood ratio >2.0), whereas others were nonspecific, occurring almost as often in participants without TBI.

CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS:

Premorbid ability stratified base rate tables provided in this article can guide researchers and clinicians in the interpretation of NIHTB-CB performance in adults with TBI. (PsycINFO Database Record

PMID:
29265868
PMCID:
PMC5745050
DOI:
10.1037/rep0000145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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