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Tex Heart Inst J. 2017 Oct 1;44(5):306-311. doi: 10.14503/THIJ-15-5338. eCollection 2017 Oct.

Predictors of High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Elevation in Patients with Acute Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia and Ischemic Heart Disease.

Abstract

We studied the predictors and patterns of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) elevation in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in the presence and absence of ischemic heart disease. During calendar year 2013, we enrolled 70 of 72 consecutive adult patients with PSVT who presented at our center within 4 hours after the onset of tachycardia. On the basis of increased hs-cTnT at either of 2 initial measurements, we divided patients into groups (hs-cTnT-positive and hs-cTnT-negative), to study the predictors of enzyme elevation. We then divided the hs-cTnT-positive patients into 2 groups-those with and those without ischemic heart disease-and compared hs-cTnT changes. We observed hs-cTnT elevation in 52 of the 70 patients (74.3%). The hs-cTnT-positive patients were significantly older (P=0.008) and had a significantly higher duration of tachycardia (P=0.01). Older age, the presence of chest pain, lower diastolic blood pressure, and longer duration of tachycardia increased the odds of enzyme elevation. Among patients with elevated hs-cTnT levels, the baseline and maximal hs-cTnT levels were significantly higher in ischemic patients (P=0.01 and P=0.003, respectively). The increase in hs-cTnT seemed to be higher and longer in ischemic patients, although this was not statistically significant (P=0.908). Finally, hs-cTnT did not decrease to baseline levels within 48 hours in either group. We found that hs-cTnT levels increased in all our patients with PSVT, more so in those with ischemic heart disease.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarkers/analysis/blood; coronary disease/diagnosis; myocardial ischemia/pathology; predictive value of tests; prospective studies; tachycardia, paroxysmal/blood/diagnosis; tachycardia, supraventricular/blood/diagnosis; time factors; troponin T/analysis/blood

PMID:
29259499
PMCID:
PMC5731582
DOI:
10.14503/THIJ-15-5338
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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