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Toxins (Basel). 2017 Dec 16;9(12). pii: E403. doi: 10.3390/toxins9120403.

Botulinum Toxin in the Field of Dermatology: Novel Indications.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea. kysbbubbu@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Dermatology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea. dmsun99@gmail.com.
3
Department of Dermatology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea. hazelkimhoho@gmail.com.

Abstract

Since its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2002 for glabellar wrinkles, botulinum toxin (BTX) has been widely used to correct facial wrinkles. As a result, many consider BTX synonymous with cosmetic dermatology. Recent studies indicate that BTX elicits biological effects on various skin cell types via the modulation of neurotransmitter release, and it seems that BTX has a wider zone of dermatologic influence than originally understood. Clinicians and researchers are now beginning to explore the potential of BTX beyond the amelioration of facial lines and encouraging results are seen with BTX in a variety of skin conditions. In this paper, we review novel dermatological indications of BTX which includes (but not limited to) scar prevention, facial flushing, post-herpetic neuralgia and itch. These areas show great promise, but there is definite need for larger, double-blinded, randomized control trials against established treatments before BTX becomes a clinical reality.

KEYWORDS:

biological effect; botulinum toxin; dermatology; neurotransmitter; novel indication; various cell types

PMID:
29258169
PMCID:
PMC5744123
DOI:
10.3390/toxins9120403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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