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Clin J Sport Med. 2018 Jan;28(1):13-20. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000431.

Safety and Prognostic Utility of Provocative Exercise Testing in Acutely Concussed Adolescents: A Randomized Trial.

Author information

1
From the *UBMD Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, New York;†Department of Biostatistics, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, New York;‡Excelsior Orthopedics and the Department of Family Medicine, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, New York;§Nuclear Medicine, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, New York;¶Department of Internal Medicine, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, New York; and‖Department of Psychiatry, SUNY Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate (1) systematic assessment of exercise tolerance in adolescents shortly after sport-related concussion (SRC) and (2) the prognostic utility of such assessment.

DESIGN:

Prospective randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

University and community sports medicine centers.

PARTICIPANTS:

Adolescents with SRC (1-9 days from injury). Sixty-five were randomized and 54 completed the study (mean age 15 years, 4 days after injury).

INTERVENTIONS:

Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT, n = 27) or not (controls, n = 27) on visit day #1. Heart rate threshold (HRt) at symptom exacerbation represented level of exercise tolerance. Participants reported symptoms daily for 14 days and then had follow-up BCTT (n = 54). Recovery was defined as returning to normal level of symptoms and exercise tolerance, verified by independent physician examination.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Days to recovery and typical (≤21 days) versus prolonged recovery (>21 days). Mixed effects linear models and linear regression techniques examined symptom reports and time to recovery. Linear regression assessed the association of HRt with recovery time.

RESULTS:

Days to recovery (P = 0.7060) and typical versus prolonged recovery (P = 0.1195) were not significantly different between groups. Symptom severity scores decreased in both groups over 14 days (P < 0.0001), were similar (P = 0.2984), and did not significantly increase the day after the BCTT (P = 0.1960). Lower HRt on visit day #1 was strongly associated with prolonged recovery time (P = 0.0032).

CONCLUSIONS:

Systematic evaluation of exercise tolerance using the BCTT within 1 week after SRC did not affect recovery. The degree of early exercise intolerance after SRC was important for prognosis. This has implications for school academic and team preparation.

PMID:
29257777
PMCID:
PMC5739074
DOI:
10.1097/JSM.0000000000000431
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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