Send to

Choose Destination
J Adhes Dent. 2017 Dec 18:507-515. doi: 10.3290/j.jad.a39595. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Veneering Techniques on Shear and Microtensile Bond Strengths of Zirconia-Based All-Ceramic Systems.



To evaluate shear (SBS) and microtensile (μTBS) bond strengths of zirconia cores veneered using different fabrication techniques.


Seventy-five IPS e.max ZirCAD plates were fabricated and divided into three groups according to the following veneering techniques: layering, pressing, and CAD-on. The specimens of the layering group were veneered with IPS e.max Ceram, and the specimens of the pressing group were veneered with IPS e.max Zir- Press. Veneering ceramics in the CAD-on group were milled from IPS e.max CAD, fused with the core by using a glass-fusion ceramic, and then crystallized. Bond strength tests were performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min for the SBS test and 1 mm/min for the μTBS test. Mean SBS and μTBS (MPa) were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (p < 0.05).


Significant differences in SBS were observed between the groups (p < 0.05). The mean SBS for the CAD-on group was significantly higher (31.89 ± 5.83 MPa) than those of the layering (14.27 ± 4.45 MPa) and pressing (12.23 ± 3.04 MPa) groups. However, the mean μTBS of the CAD-on (30.41 ± 8.64 MPa), layering (21.71 ± 3.40 MPa) and pressing (20.74 ± 6.36 MPa) groups were not statistically significant (p > 0.05).


The CAD-on technique showed the highest shear bond strengths of the tested groups, and most of the specimens failed cohesively instead of failing at the adhesive interface.


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Quintessence Publishing Co., Ltd
Loading ...
Support Center