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Horm Metab Res. 1989 Jan;21(1):27-32.

Urinary dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline in type 2 diabetic patients with and without nephropathy.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Japan.


We measured the urinary excretions of dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline, their conjugated metabolites, urinary excretion of sodium and creatinine clearance simultaneously in 21 patients with Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes and 6 normal subjects. The mean (+/- SEM) value for urinary excretion of dopamine (52.4 +/- 8.8 micrograms/day) in diabetic patients with nephropathy (Group C, n = 12) was significantly lower (P less than 0.01) than in the normal subjects (Group A, 179.7 +/- 15.5 micrograms/day) and in diabetic patients without nephropathy (Group B, n = 9, 131.5 +/- 16.5 micrograms/day). The mean values for the urinary excretions of noradrenaline and adrenaline were also significantly lower (P less than 0.01) in Group C than in Groups A and B. In addition, the mean urinary excretion of conjugated metabolite of dopamine in Group C was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) than in Group A. There was a trend toward the observation that the mean 24-h urinary excretion of sodium in Group C (121.6 less than 12.9 mEq) was lower as compared with that in Group A (140.8 +/- 8.9 mEq) or B (150.7 +/- 17.9 mEq). A multiple regression analysis revealed that the 24-h urinary excretion of dopamine correlated significantly with creatinine clearance, systolic (P less than 0.01) and diastolic (P less than 0.05) blood pressures. The results indicate that synthesis or secretion of renal dopamine might decrease with a progression of diabetic nephropathy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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