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Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2017;64(11):664-671. doi: 10.11236/jph.64.11_664.

[Relationship between exercise adherence and personality characteristics in persons experienced in the Medical Fitness program].

[Article in Japanese]

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Graduate School of Health Sciences, Niigata University.
School of Nursing, Chiba Institute of Science.
Faculty of Human Life Studies, University of Niigata Prefecture.
Graduate School of Modern Society and Culture, Niigata University.
Faculty of Medical Technology, Niigata University of Health and Welfare.
Faculty of Social Welfare and Psychology, Niigata Seiryo University.
Nekoyama Miyao Hospital.


Objective We examined effective exercise adherence support methods for persons experienced in the Medical Fitness (MF) program to clarify the relation of personality traits with exercise adherence and the factors that improve exercise adherence.Methods Subjects were 283 adults who had registered as members in the MF program at an affiliate of Hospital A. We implemented an anonymous self-administered questionnaire by postal mail. Using the Japanese version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (which contains 10 items that measure the Big Five personality traits), we evaluated the following characteristics: "Extraversion", "Agreeableness", "Conscientiousness", "Neuroticism", and "Openness". The subjects who reported exercising regularly at the time of survey were considered persons with subjective exercise adherence.Results In persons with subjective exercise adherence, "Conscientiousness" was significantly lower (P=0.003) among men and "Neuroticism" was significantly higher (P=0.018) among women when compared to persons with subjective exercise adherence. There was no correlation between the things that emphasize exercise adherence and "Conscientiousness" among men. There was a negative correlation between "can achieve goal" and "Neuroticism" among women.Conclusions It is essential to consider personality and gender differences when devising exercise adherence support measures for the MF program. Our results suggest that women with high neuroticism do not need "can achieve goal" to maintain their exercise habits; therefore, it is necessary to examine teaching methods that do not focus on only goal achievement as part of exercise adherence support for MF.


exercise adherence; medical fitness; personality characteristics

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