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Rev Alerg Mex. 2017 Oct-Dec;64(4):430-438.

[Self-reported prevalence of latex allergy and associated factors in healthcare workers].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca", Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.


in English, Spanish


In our country, the prevalence of latex allergy in health personnel has rarely been studied.


To determine the prevalence and associated factors to self-reported latex allergy in health care workers.


A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,292 health care workers of a second level hospital. All workers were included and they were required to answer a structured questionnaire aimed at identifying latex allergy, atopic personal and family history, exposure to latex gloves and surgical background. Odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) were estimated using regression logistic to investigate factors associated to latex allergy.


The female to male ratio was 2.4:1. The men age 38.4 ± 11.6 years. The prevalence of latex allergy auto-reported was 9.7 %, with a confidence interval of 95 % (95 % CI) 8.1 %-11.3 %. There was no statistical difference by workplace (p = 0.508). Factors associated with latex allergy included female gender (OR = 1.68; 95 % CI: 1.03-2.73, p = 0.037), personal history of atopy (OR = 4.82; 95 % CI: 3.19-7.26, p < 0.0001), family history of atopic dermatitis (OR = 4.33, 95 % CI: 1.20-4.41) and history of allergy to fruits (OR = 4.33; 95 % CI: 2.62-7.14, p < 0.0001).


Up to 10 out to 100 health workers may have latex allergy. The main factors associated with latex allergy in this study were: being a female, personal or familiar atopy and allergy to fruits.


Latex; Latex hypersensitivity; Risk factors


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