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Rev Alerg Mex. 2017 Oct-Dec;64(4):403-414.

[Does Ecuadorians with asthma has preferences in the use of information and communication technologies? Pilot study].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Respiralab, Research Group. Guayaquil, Ecuador. ivancherrez@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Inadequate communication between asthmatic patients and their physicians may interfere directly with asthma control. In the last years, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) it has increased in Latin-America. This technology seems to be a good tool to improve communication and management of the asthmatic patient.

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated the frequency and preference patterns of communication and information technologies in Ecuadorian patients with bronchial asthma.

METHODS:

We conducted a pilot cross-sectional study to identify the frequency and preferences of ICT in patients with asthma. The Spanish version of the Michigan questionnaire was used. Age and educational level were categorized into 3 groups. We used logistic regression between these groups regarding the frequency of use, interest in seeking and receiving information related to their asthma for the age and educational level of the patients.

RESULTS:

A total of 222 patients participated in our study. The mean age was 45.6 years (SD 17.4), the most common sex was female with 89.25 %. Almost all patients had a cell phone (87.5 %) and internet access (62.7 %). The three ICTs most likely to be used to search for or receive information about their illness were WhatsApp, Facebook and email (p <0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Information and communication technologies improve the care of asthmatic patients. In our pilot study email and text messages are the most preferred ICT among patients however WhatsApp and Facebook may be appropriate for certain ages especially young asthmatic. Knowledge of preferences can help the development of ICT in a personalized way and improve the outcomes in patients with asthma.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; Information and communication technologies; Internet; Social media

PMID:
29249103
DOI:
10.29262/ram.v64i4.277

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