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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Mar;25(7):6429-6442. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-0975-1. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Removal of Procion Red dye from colored effluents using H2SO4-/HNO3-treated avocado shells (Persea americana) as adsorbent.

Author information

1
Environmental and Sanitary Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 97105-900, Brazil.
2
Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria UFSM, 1000 Roraima Avenue, Santa Maria, RS, 97105-900, Brazil.
3
Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria UFSM, 1000 Roraima Avenue, Santa Maria, RS, 97105-900, Brazil. guilherme_dotto@yahoo.com.br.

Abstract

The treatment of colored effluents containing Procion Red dye (PR) was investigated using H2SO4 and HNO3 modified avocado shells (Persea americana) as adsorbents. The adsorbent materials (AS-H2SO4 and AS-HNO3) were properly characterized. The adsorption study was carried out considering the effects of adsorbent dosage and pH. Kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic aspects were also evaluated. Finally, the adsorbents were tested to treat simulated dye house effluents. For both materials, the adsorption was favored using 0.300 g L-1 of adsorbent at pH 6.5, where, more than 90% of PR was removed from the solution. General order model was able to explain the adsorption kinetics for both adsorbents. The Sips model was adequate to represent the isotherm data, being the maximum adsorption capacities of 167.0 and 212.6 mg g-1 for AS-H2SO4 and AS-HNO3, respectively. The adsorption processes were thermodynamically spontaneous, favorable (- 17.0 < ΔG 0 < - 13.2 kJ mol-1), and exothermic (ΔH 0 values of - 29 and - 55 kJ mol-1). AS-H2SO4 and AS-HNO3 were adequate to treat dye house effluents, attaining color removal percentages of 82 and 75%. Avocado shells, after a simple acid treatment, can be a low-cost option to treat colored effluents.

KEYWORDS:

Acid treatment; Avocado shells; Dye house effluents; Procion Red dye

PMID:
29249030
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-017-0975-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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