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Int J Legal Med. 2018 Jul;132(4):1151-1159. doi: 10.1007/s00414-017-1761-9. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

The third molar maturity index in indicating the legal adult age in Kosovar population.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo, 10000, Pristina, Kosovo.
2
Dental Science, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia.
3
AgEstimation Project, Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy.
4
Department of Dental Pathology and Endodontics, University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo, 10000, Pristina, Kosovo.
5
AgEstimation Project, Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy. i_galic@yahoo.com.
6
Department of Research in Biomedicine and Health, Spinčićeva 2, HR-21000, Split, Croatia. i_galic@yahoo.com.
7
Department of Dental Anthropology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia.
8
Department of Dental Dental Medicine, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Abstract

The third molar tooth, known as the "wisdom tooth," is the only tooth that can be used to determine legal adult age. This study aimed to test the accuracy of Cameriere's third molar maturity index (I3M) in assessing the legal adult age of 18 years in the Kosovar population. Orthopantomographs (OPTs) of 1221 healthy living Kosovar individuals, aged between 12 and 23 years and with no congenital or developmental anomalies, were analyzed. Intra-class correlation coefficients were 0.858 (95% CI, 0.786 to 0.906) and 0.852 (95% CI, 0.779 to 0.903) for intra-rater and for inter-rater agreement, respectively. The sample was divided into training dataset (800 OPTs) and test dataset (421 OPTs). The training dataset was used to generate the logistic regression model, while the test dataset was used to study the performance of the model. I3M and gender as independent variables and adult age (≥ 18 years) or minor age (< 18 years) as the dependent variable were used for logistic regression analysis. The receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was used to determine the specific cut-off value of I3M for predicting adult age. The results showed that only I3M statistically significantly contributed to discriminating adults and minors. ROC analysis showed that the cut-off value of I3M < 0.08 was the best in discriminating adults and minors. An analysis of the test dataset (421 OPTs) showed that as I3M decreased the age gradually increased. The performance of the cut-off value of I3M < 0.08, to discriminate between adults and minors, was analyzed by contingency tables for both sexes. In males, the accurate classification (Acc) was 0.968 (95% CI, 0.926 to 0.985), the sensitivity (Se) was 0.962 (95% CI, 0.925 to 0.978), and the specificity (Sp) was 0.976 (95% CI, 0.929 to 0.995). The Bayes post-test probability (Bayes PTP) was 0.975 (95% CI, 0.905 to 1.00). In females, Acc was 0.909 (95% CI, 0.870 to 0.917), Se and Sp were 0.826 (95% CI, 0.787 to 0.834) and 0.991 (95% CI, 0.953 to 1.00) respectively, while Bayes PTP was 0.989 (95% CI, 0.926 to 1.00). Our data support the usefulness of I3M < 0.08 to indicate legal adult age in a Kosovar population.

KEYWORDS:

Kosovo; Legal adult age; Legal medicine; Third molar maturity index

PMID:
29248959
DOI:
10.1007/s00414-017-1761-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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